Maintaining and Modifying your Subaru

Disclaimer

This is just advice I have learned from friends , experience and reading after owning Subarus for the last 6 years. It primarily applies to turbocharged Subarus but I would apply the same logic towards an EZ30 or EJ25D powered car as I would with my EJ207.

Here is the Subaru maintenance schedule that I follow and is suggested by Subaru themselves

General Parts Selection

When ordering parts for your car use sites like Oakos , FastWrx , Amazon or Rock Auto for the best deals. Rock Auto and Amazon in particular can get you oem parts quality from vendors like Denso , NGK , KYB, Walbro, Bosch , Koyo and Subaru. Other companies like Centric , Stoptech , Moog and SPC can also be found at very reasonable prices. I could maintain my Wrx off parts found on Amazon or Rock Auto on a very cheap budget. Almost all the electrical and fuel parts on your normal Wrx from the factory are Denso , KYB is an oem supplier for a host of suspension parts.

My general rule of thumb is to use oem parts whenever possible as they are held to a higher quality control standard than almost all aftermarket companies. Companies like Mishimoto , Deatschwerks and Raceland just won’t last nearly as long as quality parts while being far more likely to have fitment issues.

Engine

What oil should I run ?

I have ran Castrol , Redline , Motul and Mobil 1 oils in my cars with over 100,000 miles and no engine failures due to oil. Most Subaru engines that suffer oiling failure are simply due to running low on oil so in that case it does not matter what oil brand you run but more so that you engine has oil in it and it is changed in regular intervals. If the car is your daily driver  then a standard 5w30 or a thicker 5w40 can be used. 5w30 is the oem fill on the Wrx and STi but special editions like the S20X models suggested using a Motul 5w40 which I would assume is because the engines bearing tolerances are looser and the engines are expected to be driven hard. If you plan on tracking your car you may want to bump up to a 5w50 or even a 5w60 depending on your climate as those oil weights will take more thermal abuse than a 5w30. On my daily driver I run Castrol Edge 5w30 or Motul Eco Energy 5w30 and on the Wrx I run a 5w40 Redline or a 5w50 depending on what I am doing with the car. 5w50 Redline has held up extremely well on the track but if that is too expensive for your taste Mobil 1 makes a 15w50 that is much cheaper and that has worked well for friends.

Tuning ?

The first thing to realize when stepping into tuning is that the oem ecu calibrations are a compromise of fuel economy , power , emissions and driveability so they are going to be imperfect to most owners. The oem supplier has to hit emission standards that are becoming increasingly strict especially in states like California and it is probably the reason why the EJ207 never was imported to the United States. I would suggest that anyone who is looking into tuning find an experienced tuner in their area and also learn how to datalog because if you understand the data that your engine is telling you and see that there is a problem like the ecu pulling a ton of ignition timing you can save yourself from a very expensive engine rebuild. It also would not hurt to have other people look at your data logs because a second set of eyes might see something you have overlooked.  Also don’t be afraid to drive 2-5 hours away to have an experienced and reputable tuner work on your car as spending the extra $30 in gas money might save you $1000s over having some local bro flash your car with a base map he found on the romraider forums.

Things that tuners will generally be  angry about if you bring them a car with these parts

  • Blow off valves , Stock metal valve works excellent on our cars
  • Short or cold air intakes , Stock airbox is optimal up to over 400whp
  • Leaking fluids
  • Non oem or Bosch injectors , Many tuners won’t tune anything but Injector Dynamics now
  • vacuum leaks

There are exceptions to these statements but the reputable tuners I have talked to all general dislike the things listed above

Replacement Parts ?

Unless you are racing almost every time an oem part or oem supplier part like Denso will be cost effective , fit as expected and last longer than almost anything aftermarket. Things like Oem coil packs, Oxygen sensors , radiator hoses and general service parts usually last at least 8-10 years in my experience.

Suspension, Braking and Handling

Here are the easiest ways to make your car drive better that will apply to 90% of cars on the road

Alignment ( Only applicable to the GD / GC Chassis )

Our factory alignment is pretty terrible so try to change that if possible

Street alignment

I have found -2 Degrees of camber front and -1.5 Degrees rear to be a happy medium with zero toe and it will greatly change how the car feels.

Track / Autox

This can vary from track to track but on the GD cars -3.2 Degrees of camber front and -2 degrees rear with zero toe is an excellent place to start , You will need adjustable tophats or camber plates to get anywhere near this as well.

Brakes

  • Upgrade Brake pads to a more aggressive street pad
  • Centric Blank rotors off rock auto ( They are cheap and work very well )
  • Upgrade the fluid to a good Dot4 fluid ( I suggest ATE Type 200 )
  • Grease and clean the brakes inspecting them for any leaks or issues
  • Master Cylinder brace

Wheels / Tires

Tires are what connect you to the road so they are the most important thing , here are some good tires I have found or have seen others using at the track with great results

Street Tires

  • Continental Sports
  • Pilot Super Sports
  • Bridgestone Potenza S004

Street / Track Tires

  • Hankook RS3 / RS4
  • Potenza RE71R
  • Falken R615k+
  • Toyo R888

Shocks , Struts and Coilovers

Work in Progress

 

Transmission and Driveline

Clutches

The clutch question comes up once a day on Subaru forums and facebook pages. The simple answer for 95% of drivers out there is an Exedy oem replacement off Amazon or rock auto as they are an oem supplier who makes great clutches. If your car is on a larger turbo or sees race use then I would look into their twin plate clutches as they are also excellent as I have had one in my car for years now. Other people have also had success with South Bend clutch as they take Exedy clutches and upgrade the components of them.

Oem clutch is especially important on the 5mt as you want your clutch to slip and act as a fuse to keep your gearbox alive.

6mt STi clutches also can take a serious amount of abuse as people have been known to push them over 400wtq

Gearbox / Differential service and maintenance

Myself and others only really use Oem Extra S gear oil , Motul Gear 300 or Redline gear oil now. Its cheap and easily ordered from places like Amazon. Crush washers and seals can also be sourced from Amazon or your local dealership. In a crunch even Autozone crush washers will work but I would not suggest them due to possible fitment issues.

If your gearbox/ differential needs rebuilt you can either source a used one off the internet or send to to a company like Rallispec , ZF Design , IAG or Turn In Concepts that has experience rebuilding them. This is especially important for the 6mt as it requires a special set of tools to rebuild correctly.

 

 

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